Short list of laptops/desktops that work well with Qubes OS

@fsflover wrote:

@Sven I added “HCL reports” line to the laptop pages with links.

Thank you!

I also found that a lot of forum links in the HCL got broken after you moved posts to machine-specific topics.

Not cool. I expected discourse to handle that. @deeplow?

4 posts were merged into an existing topic: HCL links broken

My impression is that nobody understood what I mean when I suggest to separate certified laptops from developer-test and from the community-recommended in this list. Below I try to show how I see it. Feel free to ignore it if makes no sense. In my opinion such view has less clutter and more structure.


brand model CPU max. mem in GB (slots)[1] USB ctrl.[2] core boot[3] note
Certified hardware
Insurgo PrivacyBeast X230 i7-3520M 16 (2) 3 yes pre-installed
Nitrokey NitroPad T430 i5-3320M, i7-3840QM 16 (2) 3 yes pre-installed
NitroPad X230 i5-3320M, i7-3520M 16 (2) 3 yes pre-installed
Hardware tested by the developers
Lenovo ThinkPad X230 i5-3210M, i5-3320M, i7-3520M 16 (2) 3 opt
Hardware tested by the Community
Lenovo ThinkPad E570 i5-7200U 32 (2) 1 no
ThinkPad L380 i7-8550U 32 (2) 1 no
ThinkPad P51 i7-7820HQ 64 (4) 1 no Suspend broken, No HDMI audio
ThinkPad T430 i5-3320M, i7-3840QM 16 (2) 3 opt
ThinkPad T450s i7-5600U 20 (1) 2 no
ThinkPad T480s i7-8550U 40 (1) 1 no
ThinkPad X220 / Tablet i5-2520M 16 (2) 2 opt
ThinkPad X250 i5-5300U 16 (1) 2 no
Purism Librem 14 v1 i7-10710U 64 (2) 1 yes pre-installed

  1. if a computer has slots (aka DIMM sockets) upgrading the memory at a later time is an option. ↩︎

  2. multiple USB controllers allow to further compartmentalize the use of peripherals. ↩︎

  3. coreboot provides auditability and maximum user control. ↩︎


This indeed looks tidier and more systematical, no doubt at all.
But, if anyone would ask me what I’d prefer compared to CTRL+F in a HCL list is - filtering as detailed as possible, and it shouldn’t be hard to achieve that.
We all have some starting point - mine is CPU, so, first I’d choose CPU from, then would search for laptops with this CPU offers to see what I could expect regarding the price, then would come back to HCL list, filtered it to chosen CPU then to all other criteria I’d like to have, then would browse for detailed specs for filtered laptops’ bios characteristics and chipsets, then would go back to to check chipsets, then would try to find reviews on a, and then would try to check availability, and at the end I’d insist to enter bios and to start Qubes installation from USB flash.

So, as can be seen, at least for me, HCL list is not crucial, but is more a supportive spot that I made a proper choice.

Once filtering is present, it is less important for me how the table itself is organized…

Pretty good @fsflover, also, while we might be at it, a section that properly addressed DIY or self-built systems might be nice. Note that currently a lot of DIY gets shoved into Motherboards & any future DIY should probably focus on motherboard/CPU/GPU combo as there really is about a tri-fecta of core components with independent manufacturer & model names which provide the core details for someone looking at HCL. I’m thinking about posting further on the associated topic of more info from installations (HCL inclusion of select portions of lspci outputs) as pertains to bridged devices & how to help everyone be more prepared for the Qubes installation process (fight?).

If I understand you correctly, it’s already in the current table, I just did not touch this part. See “desktops”.

I won’t quibble with you much @fsflover but, as of this date/time, the link (which is a closed thread) which you provided has a single entry for Desktop & that entry is decidedly not a DIY. Proprietary/commercial offerings that are repurposed as Qubes systems is not what I meant. But I understand, this is a topic that isn’t likely to go anywhere - mostly to put a cross on the T, dot on the I, you know. I was also likely pointing back at the HCL as much as anything.

@kysstfafm, as far as the HCL goes we have the following classifications:

  • laptop
  • desktop/workstation
  • server
  • motherboard

The first three are in my understanding for off-the-shelf (NOT DIY) systems, while the last covers all DIY systems. I have tried to catch all DIY systems that are currently listed as desktop and move them into motherboards.

I am one of the HCL maintainers and want to clean this up. I’d appreciate if you could point out to me all the systems that are currently misclassified. You can respond here or send me a PM, whatever you prefer.

1 Like

Where would DIY laptops go @Sven? Does upgrading CPU/RAM/Storage/other components in laptop count as DIY?

@enmus “DIY” implies “one of a kind”, “build from scratch” by assembling separately ordered parts. While I know (from books) that DIY laptops are possible, I’ve never seen one and don’t believe we have received an HCL report for one.

Upgrading memory, storage, CPU, WiFi, display etc are common and while you can do them yourself, you can also have them done at any ordinary repair shop. I wouldn’t call this DIY.


I will try, however I expect that it won’t be easy, for either of us. I know, you are very busy with real world plus this duty.

I notice on a cursory examination of HCL today that there seem to be a number of Asus motherboards (I’m going to have to run down portions of the list at a time to sort out any true systems rather than motherboards) that likely fit this category too. I am unfamiliar of too many Asus products which would fit this broad number of items better than their motherboards but let me take a closer look.

I do though have to suggest that Gigabyte Brix (only as a for instance since my Zotac system never made it in or got culled long ago for some reason, also Intel NUCs can fit into this quasi-category) or other items like a Zotac small form factor PC that in some (but not all cases) come provided sans OS (I once used a Zotac for Qubes in the early days - worked with Atom processor & only 8GB of RAM rather well) should likely count too. If it wasn’t pre-assembled & never had Microsoft installed by a merchant/manufacturer before sale to the end-user posting this to the HCL…

It’s on my list, but I am frankly waiting to see if there will be more input from you and others or if I’ll have to personally check each and every entry by hand myself.

Either way it’ll get done soon.

Sorry, I don’t think that is possible. But I also don’t see any issue with discussing it here and having others participate.

Gigabyte Brix

I don’t think we should go crazy with this. If what is provided is a fully functional PC (even if there is no OS installed), it’s off-the-shelf / desktop.

Done - sorry for taking ages to to so… mea culpa!
Schenker XMG NEO (M19)

A post was split to a new topic: Mini-itx setup working with Qubes?

R4.1 is released and now the recommended version of Qubes OS. We need to update the list of community-recommended computers.


  • Qubes OS installs without any workarounds
  • Graphics, networking, audio and suspend work without troubleshooting
  • Recommended 16 GB RAM are possible
  • Keyboard can be connected via PS/2 in case of desktops
  • Readily available to be purchased (including pre-owned)
  • Two or more community members have confirmed the above

There are two ways computers make it on this list:

  1. community members call out models (preferably the ones they use themselves) and point to at least two positive reports for R4.1 (released, not RC or Beta!) … I cross-check the reports and when needed with the reporters in case details are missing and put them on the list if they check out.

  2. I collect and post machines as I see them trickle in

In the interest of the community and the project hopefully many community members will proactively step up and submit HCL reports after installing / testing R4.1 and keep an eye out for a second report confirming theirs … and then ping me.


A post was merged into an existing topic: Purism Librem 14 v1


What kind of RAM did you use? Do you have a link? I think the only DDR3 ram with 16gb has ECC, which the t450s doesn’t support.

Sorry, it’s been so long that I don’t remember. Pretty sure it’s not ECC, though.

Not true that 16GB DDR3 is only ECC - the Lenovo 03X7015 fits the bill.
Micron also had a module.
It’s rare, incredibly expensive new, but you will find it if you look.