Are there plans to move to wayland?

Another concern I have for Qubes is its total reliance on Xorg. Xorg deprecation is progressing faster than most expected.

Is there work being done on migrating to Wayland?

Xorg in dom0 and within qubes are isolated from each other, that’s not really an issue even if Xorg is now considered obsolete.

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I recommend you to read this issue on Github:

Then watch Qubes Summit 2023 talk by DemiMarie if you need more information (use a search Engine to find the video).

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But if some app is Wayland only (like Waydroid), it won’t ever work on Qubes until it moves to Wayland, which in turn can support X apps just fine thanks to Xwayland.

Is there a guarantee that all new software will be backwards-compatible with X? I don’t think so. Currently almost all DEs still rely on X in some way (probably only GNOME really can run on pure Wayland), but in a few years this will almost definitely change.

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It’s possible to run them with some workarounds:

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