Security problem? Nitro-PC microcode-updates

Iḿ not sure whether this is the right category to post or not. But I’ll try.

The following post is related to this link:

and therein to the section where no help can be offered to a part of Intel CPU users because the tool issued a “no” in both items under “sudo cpu-microcode-info” despite the patch.

Unfortunately, this is the case with one of my computers.

Therefore I looked for an alternative at a company that offers special and especially secure PCs for Qubes. But the CPU installed in the computer there belongs to the same series as the one I have in the said computer.

I wrote to the company and made them aware of this problem and they replied that the update was up to date and that the appropriate microcodes were installed.

How can this be, when according to Qubes-081 there can be no remedy despite the update?

Thanks for opinions.

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This post gives a good explanation of the issue.

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Thanks for the link, I have read it and conclude that it is a very hard way to find the right and at least half way safe Qubes PC.

What just make me wonder is that a company like nitrokey, which supplies very good products, says it has updates for the corresponding CPU, but that this according to sudo-cpu-microcode-info does not lead to any success in eliminating the problem.

cpu-microcode-info only tells me which version of the microcode I have installed.

lscpu will tell you which known vulnerabilities your CPU has and how/if they are being mitigated

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Yes, you are right, but reading through the text at the following link, if you get “no” twice when typing “sudo-info-cpu”, then there is no help for fixing the vulnerability…:

I have done some tests with my PC and there are some inconsistencies.

On the one hand, “sudo-cpu-microcode-info” gives “no” for everything according to the mentioned link. So there is no workaround with that.
This coincides with the fact that there is no corresponding microcode listed under /lib/firmware/intel-ucode, despite the latest Qubes 4.1.1 version. There is also no matching microcode on the matching Intel page:

On the other hand: If I run lscpu, it outputs (among other things) “not affected” for “Vulnerability Mmio Stale Data”, although according to XSA-404 all Intel CPUs should be affected.

How does all this fit together?

Since the Nitro PC processor also belongs to the same CPU family as mine, the question is whether it can be the same here.

Linux kernel is clearer on your question

First. Nitrokey doesn’t make CPUs nor chipsets. It is important to know what it is. For x230/t430/w530/t530/we are talking about ivy bridge.

And those are not vulnerable. When looking at Intel, they provide information for non EOL products nor microcode updates for them, which is confusing but doesn’t help understanding the issue.

I would invite you to reply and quote parts on referred article to clarify pieces needing more information.

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Thanks for answering. Please look at those links:

Please scroll down and you`ll find information about the cpu used in this machine.

Processor: Intel Core i7-10510U, 10th generation

I think it`s not Ivy Bridge, but Comet Lake. Please look also this link to verify this information:

And further the Intel-Link which I`ve posted above.

Sorry I thought that you were talking about the Nitropad, my bad (which is why I answered because I checked for x230 which is what the NitroPad is).

sudo cpu-microcode-info on dom0 will tell you if microcode is available/installed.
Providing the output here would permit others to jump in as well.

I would advise to ask for Nitrokey to come here and reply to all so that they do not have to reply to each individual questions going their way.

The same advice as in my other post will also share the same light on what mitigations are applied from Xen and kernel for your CPU:


Was right on point and permits you to get to kernel report on the current vuls/mitigations applied.

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Thanks for answering again.

As I had written above, the company had answered me the same. After running sudo cpu-microcode-info I had received a “no” result for both 20220510 update available and update installed in all cases.

I will go through the kernel report again in detail.

@Ionixx have you found a way to MMIO stale data mitigation?

I happen to use an NitroPC too and found this thread. My Qubes 4.1 is up to date and running Xen 4.14.5-7.

sudo cpu-microcode-info shows that loaded microcode version is 000000f0 and 20220510 update is available (yes) and installed (yes).

However lscpu shows vulnerable to MMIO stale data (“Clear CPU buffers attempted, no microcode; SMT Host state unknown”).

FWIW for “srbds” I read “Unknown: Dependent on hypervisor status” which is beyond my non-expert knowledge of Qubes OS. So, any comment on that would be very welcome (or I can ask in another thread?)

What should we do?

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no, I don’t have a definite answer to this unresolved question yet. I haven’t gotten the Nitro PC yet because I don’t think the company’s answer is logical. I only have a computer of the same series. For this one I can’t give an all-clear regarding the information under cpu-microcode-info. Therefore, I use it only very limited and switch to safe models.
Therefore I cannot offer a solution to the problem. Only Intel can do that by providing patches.
The question to what extent one can become a victim of one of the unpatched attacks is very difficult to answer, because every user has to define his own threat level for himself. An “average” user will probably rarely be affected. For high security users like whistleblowers, journalists or people who have to fear censorship and persecution, on the other hand, it is very important to think very carefully about what they do on their PC, how, when and with what means.
To answer your detail questions, I recommend the following link:

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Thank you.

It is a complex matter indeed and I don’t think there are any really safe models. I suppose the only way to mitigate the issues is to have a proper update through Xen and TemplateVM microcode and kernel.

Yes. That woud be automatic IF Intel woud release microcode updates. It s not going to happen, because of EOL (end of life).

fwiw Librem 14 has “yes” for all six items in cpu-microcode-info and either “not affected” or “Mitigation” for all items except “Mimio stale data” which shows “Vulnerable” in lscpu. {and 72 Flags}

Cordial: The Librem 14 laptop uses the I7-10710 U processor, while the Nitro PC uses the I7-10510 U. Both belong to the Comet Lake series. How can it be then that more security patches for the microcode are supposed to be available for the Librem 14 than for the Nitro PC?

And how can it be (see my first post at the beginning) that no solution is seen on the Qubes OS page for these machines, but the manufacturers provide one?

It s not going to happen, because of EOL (end of life).

EOL of what?

The CPU of NitroPC is i7-10610U and its status is not discontinued.


Look at this link and scroll down:

It´s the I7-10510-U

did you guys ever figure this out? based on using terminal it says I have 20220510 installed but according to here thats outdated for my processor and for the life of me I cant figure out how to update in on Qubes in any way I’ve tried.


It´s the I7-10510-U

I think the specs on the site are wrong because lscpu shows i7-10610U.


At certain point in time I noticed that a mitigation for MMIO actually started to show up in the list of CPU vulnerabilities. So, with the same version you have installed, I see nothing marked as vulnerable. The only “Unknown” is SRBDS, which I still have no idea how to check: